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 "My Dear Aunt Sally"- The Big Picture Two rules of thumb are helpful in remembering the order of operation or the prioritization which governs mathematical expressions. These are: The more sophisticated operation has priority. Work from left to right if operations have the same priority.     Multiplication and division are more sophisticated than addition and subtraction so, multiplication or division is done before addition or subtraction.     Multiplication and division have the same level of sophistication so they have the same priority. THE LEFT MOST OPERATION IS DONE FIRST.

 "My Dear Aunt Sally"- Starting with Basics The least sophisticated operations are addition and subtraction. The more sophisticated basic operations are multiplication and division. So, the most basic statement of the order of operations, with top priority given to the top operations, is: THE ORDER OF OPERATIONS (Topmost First) Multiplication or Division (Leftmost First) Addition or Subtraction (Leftmost First)     Restated that's: Multiply or Divide then Add or Subtract: My Dear Aunt Sally.

 "Reconsidering Your Answers to WARM UP Questions" Qu.1 in the WARM UPS tests order of operation.     It was:    Simplify: 3 + 4 x 5.     There are two operations - addition and multiplication. Even though addition "comes first" when reading from left to right, multiplication has higher priority. The multiplication must be completed first, then the 3 is added to the result. The expression is equal to 23.     This is the result in question 3 because one must "Multiply 4 and 5 and add 3 to the result."     This is not the result in question 2 because one must "Add 3 and 4 then multiplying the result by 5." The result is 35.

 "But I Did It On My Calculator" "Chain logic" or "4-function" calculators require the user to incorporate order of operation into the computation since they perform only one operation at a time. If the user did not enter the numbers and operations in the appropriate order, the calculator answer is wrong.

"Try A Question or Some Questions, or
Take A Break, or Continue"

 Type answer. Check it. Erase response. Check again as needed. Simplify: 3 + 2 x 4 - 1         Response:

 The Inclusion Bar The bar is an important mark of inclusion. It is used in 3 places: to isolate the radicand in a radical to seperate dividend from divisor in a division problem to seperate numerator from denominator in a division problem     An example of the last use is shown and simplified below.

 "Stop. Take Notes. Take A Break. Do Research on the Calculator. Then, Answer Questions or Go Straight to the Quiz"